Porsche Speedster: driving pleasure for more than six decades

1955 Porsche 356 Speedster

The history of the Porsche Speedster Models – from 1952 up to today

Earlier, the Porsche factory announced the new generation of the Porsche 911 Speedster would go into production. An excellent moment to go back in time and reveal all the brief facts you need to know about the history of the Porsche Speedster Models. In case you want to know more details, we can recommend some excellent books. First there is the Porsche Speedster Typ 540 Quintessential Sports Car, a book we consider the Porsche 356 bible. Another book by the same author is Porsche Speedster 50th anniversary celebration of an iconPorsche 356 Speedster, the evolution of the Porsche lightweight sportster is definitely worth the money too. And more recently, Berlin Motor Books published Andreas Gabriel’s book “Porsche Speedster : editors edition“, a book that tells the history of the Porsche 911 Speedster.

Porsche 911 Speedster, Heritage Design-Package and Porsche 356 1500 Speedster
Porsche 911 Speedster, Heritage Design-Package and Porsche 356 1500 Speedster

Open-top driving pleasure combined with outstanding driving dynamics: Speedster variants have been part of the Porsche company history since 1952. They combine open-top driving pleasure with outstanding driving dynamics. The forefather of all these models is the 356 America Roadster. Its aluminum body was manufactured by hand at Erich Heuer Karosseriefabrik in Ullersricht near Weiden in Upper Palatinate, Germany. Thanks to its expensive lightweight body, it weighed 160 kilograms less than the 356 Coupé and its top speed of 180 km/h from its 70 PS four-cylinder boxer engine was impressive at the time. The exclusive sports car, developed for the US market and built only 16 times, already featured key elements of the Speedster design with slot-in windows for the doors, a folding rain-cover top, and lightweight bucket seats. 

The very first Porsche 356 Speedster, 1954
The very first Porsche 356 Speedster, 1954

Max Hoffmann and the birth of the Porsche 356 Speedster

It was the US importer Max Hoffmann who convinced Porsche there was a market for their cars in America. He requested an inexpensive Porsche with reduced furnishings costing less than 3,000 dollars. In autumn 1954, Porsche produced a significantly less expensive version than the 356 America Roadster, which included ‘Speedster’ in the model name for the first time and quickly caused a sensation in the world of motorsports. It combined the sheet steel body of the cabriolet with a raked windscreen, reduced interior equipment, and a rain top.

"Internationale Alpenabfahrt" (International Downhill of the Alps), Austria, 1958: Porsche race driver Ernst Kraus drives the Porsche Type 356 A 1500 GS Carrera Speedster.
“Internationale Alpenabfahrt” (International Downhill of the Alps), Austria, 1958: Porsche race driver Ernst Kraus drives the Porsche Type 356 A 1500 GS Carrera Speedster.

In the USA, the 356 1500 Speedster cost just 2,995 US dollars and became an instant hit in the sunny coastal states. Hollywood icon James Dean was also an enthusiastic racing driver and chose this purist model, which was dedicated solely to the sheer pleasure of driving. Further generations of the 356 Speedster followed. The model reached its peak in 1957 with the 356 A 1500 GS Carrera GT Speedster: Its 1.5-liter vertical shaft engine produced 110 PS. It was the first production model from Porsche that reached a top speed of 200 km/h. 

The Porsche 911 Speedster

Porsche Type 911 Carrera 3,2 Speedster (Turbo look), model year 1989
Porsche Type 911 Carrera 3,2 Speedster (Turbo look), model year 1989

In 1988, a Speedster variant was introduced in the 911 series, as the crowning highlight of the discontinued G model generation. The most open of all the 911 models were based on the 231 PS 911 Carrera featuring a wide turbo look. It was optionally also available in export markets with a leaner car body. 161 units with lean Carrera body were built. The windscreen was shortened, and a manually operated rain top disappeared under a large plastic bubble painted in the vehicle color. Unlike the “911 Speedster Clubsport” concept car previously showcased at the IAA in Frankfurt in 1987, the first production Speedster was launched in 1988. In those days, the prices for the Speedster started at 110,000 marks. A total of 2,103 Speedsters from the G series were produced.

Porsche 911 Carrera 2 3,6 Speedster, model year 1993
Porsche 911 Carrera 2 3,6 Speedster, model year 1993

It was exactly the other way around with the successor model: between 1992 and 1993, 930 units of the “lean” 911 Carrera Speedster of the 964 generation rolled off the production line. In addition, 15 vehicles were produced with wide turbo body. The new Speedster models were given a revamped soft top mechanism designed to make the manual opening and closing of the roof easier. The locking mechanism of the large plastic cover at the rear was also optimized. Visual highlights were provided by bucket seats from the 911 Carrera RS painted in the vehicle color and special leather upholstery. The Speedster cost 131,500 marks when it was launched in February 1993. However, the buyer had to do without air conditioning, electric windows and at first even an airbag.

The Porsche 993 Speedster

Porsche 911 Carrera 3,6 Speedster of F.A. Porsche,1995
Porsche 911 Carrera 3,6 Speedster of F.A. Porsche,1995

Even rarer is the 911 Carrera Speedster based on the 993 generation: there are exactly two of them in existence. The first was developed by the Exclusive department in 1995 for Ferdinand Alexander Porsche himself. It was green, came with 17-inch alloy wheels as well as a Tiptronic S transmission and was based on the Carrera body. Later, a second vehicle was built for the U.S American actor, Jerry Seinfeld. This sitcom celebrity, himself an avid fan of the company and owner of an impressive collection of Porsche vehicles, received a silver Speedster with manual transmission and designed as a turbo wide 4S model with 18-inch wheels.

The Porsche 997 Speedster

Porsche Typ 911 Speedster, model year 2011
Porsche Typ 911 Speedster, model year 2011

Regular customers did not get their hands on these vehicles again until the debut of the last Speedster version of the 911 so far in 2010 as a variant of the 997 model generation. The 911 Speedster marked the launch of the 25-year anniversary celebrations of the Porsche Exclusive Manufaktur in 2011. In the best tradition, the striking profile of the new 911 Speedster was defined by the 60-millimeter lower, more raked windscreen, the flat contour of the sporty-look manual soft top and the characteristic double bubble on the convertible top compartment lid. This made the body of this rear-wheel-drive two-seater with its 44-millimeter wider rear end stand out even more. The Porsche 911 Speedster celebrated its world premiere at the Paris Motor Show in early October 2010. The 3.8-liter six-cylinder boxer engine delivering 300 kW (408 PS) was produced in a limited edition of just 356 units. In Germany, the Speedster was launched on the market in December 2010 at prices starting from 201,682 euros.

The 911 Speedster concept: a sporty and purist vehicle reflecting the brand core

The 911 Speedster Concept of 2018 goes now into production.
The 911 Speedster Concept of 2018 goes now into production.

In 2018, Porsche gave itself the best birthday present it could have possibly received: the 911 Speedster concept car – the road-ready study of an open-top and particularly exciting sports car – celebrated its world premiere on the occasion of the “70 years of Porsche Sports Cars” anniversary in Zuffenhausen, Germany. The one-off vehicle shown in the Heritage version forges a link between the early years of the company founded by Professor Ferdinand Porsche in 1948, when the brand recorded its first successes in motor racing with the lightweight Speedster variants of the Porsche 356, through to the present day. 

With its purist concept and historically accurate design, the 911 Speedster concept vehicle reflects the brand core of Porsche with precise clarity because it stands for maximum driving pleasure. This two-seater Speedster is the first car in modern times to be based on a GT model and was developed by the brand’s motorsports experts. The concept car made public appearances at the Goodwood Festival of Speed, the Rennsport Reunion VI in Laguna Seca, California as well as the Paris Motor Show. The dream has now become reality with the series production version. The 911 Speedster* goes now into production.

Porsche Factory Press Release with own additions
Pictures Courtesy Porsche AG